Wrap Pass Glossary

All woven wrap carries can be broken down into different types of passes.  This blog posts will show  you the main types of passes and explain the pros and cons of each type of pass.  

Four Main Pass Types

All carries include at least one of the following four pass types.  

Horizontal/Torso Pass

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Horizontal passes (also known as torso passes) go straight across the baby’s back and under both of the wearers arms. This pass is used as the first pass in Front Wrap Cross Carry and Back Wrap Cross Carry. It is also used as a second or third pass in many carries to add support.

Pros: 

  • This type of pass secures the baby nicely against the wearers back and does not leave any openings at the baby’s sides.

Cons:

  • Carries that start with horizontal passes tend to be lower carries because the carry can only go as high as the wearer’s armpits.  

Ruck/Kangaroo Pass

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Ruck passes (also known as kangaroo passes) create a seat for the baby and then go up and over both of the wearers arms.  This pass type is used in all of the ruck back carry variations and kangaroo front carry variations.

Pros:  

  • Kangaroo passes tend to create a nice high carry where baby can easily see over the wearer’s shoulder (in a back carry)
  • This pass tends to be cooler in summer because you can get ventilation at the baby’s sides.  
  • Kangaroo passes with a nice tight top rail are excellent for preventing leaning.  

Cons:

  • Kangaroo passes are not leg straightener-proof.  

Rebozo Pass

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Rebozo passes are kind of a cross between ruck and horizontal passes.  Rebozo passes go across the baby’s back at a slight diagonal, staying high on baby’s back.  They go over one of the wearer’s arms and under the other.  This pass is used in most carries with the name “hammock” or rebozo in it.  

Pros: 

  • Rebozo passes protect against leaning.  

Cons:

  • Rebozo passes do not protect against leg straightening.  

Cross Pass

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Cross passes (the pass created with the blue wrap in the picture) go across baby’s back at a diagonal and under one of baby’s legs.  These passes go over one of the wearer’s shoulders and under the other.  This pass is used in most carries with the word “cross” in it such as Front Cross Carry, or Back Wrap Cross Carry.  

Pros:  

  • Cross Passes provide excellent protection against leg straightening.  
  • Cross passes can be airy and provide a little ventilation at baby’s sides. 
  • These passes are used in many poppable carries.

Cons:  

  • Cross passes do not protect against leaning. 
  • Typically cross passes are not the first pass in a back carry.  If a back carry begins with a cross pass (such as back cross carry or Half Jordan’s Back Carry with the cross pass done first, the wrapper must keep a hand on baby until the second pass is complete to prevent a fall.

Reinforcing and Bunched Passes

In addition to the four main pass types, many carries include bunched versions of passes or reinforcing passes.  These passes are never the main pass for the carry, but can add extra protection against leg straightening or extra reinforcement/weight distribution to the carry.  

Reinforcing Cross Pass

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Reinforcing Cross Passes are passes that come from under one of the wearer’s arms, diagonally across the baby’s body and under baby’s leg.  This pass cannot be the basis of a carry, but may add extra support to the carry or prevent the baby from straightening his or her legs.  

Pros:  

  • Reinforcing Cross Passes can help distribute the weight of a heavy baby a bit more.
  • Reinforcing Cross Passes protect against leg straightening.

Cons:  

  • These passes do not provide any protection against leaning.
  • They can be difficult to spread out and get high on baby’s back because the pass can only start as high as the wearers armpit.  

Bunched Cross Pass

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A bunched cross pass is reinforcing cross pass that is bunched up into a tube of fabric rather than spread over baby.  It goes under the wearers arm, across the baby’s bottom, and under one of the baby’s legs.

Pros:

  • Bunched cross passes can pin the “seat” of the carry in place.  
  • They provide protection against leg straightening. 
  • These passes are very quick to do.  
  • Bunched passes are airier in summer than spread passes.


Cons:

  • Bunched cross passes provide no protection against leaning.
  • Bunched cross passes do not add as much additional support and comfort to the carry as passes that are spread out.  

Bunched Horizontal Passes

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A bunched horizontal pass is a horizontal pass that is bunched up into a tube of fabric rather than spread over baby.  It goes under both of the wearers arms and across the baby’s bottom, but does not go under either of baby’s legs.

Pros:

  • Bunched passes can pin the seat fabric in place.  
  • They are very quick to create.
  • Bunched passes are airier in summer than spread passes.  

Cons:  

  • Bunched horizontal passes do not provide protection against leg straightening or leaning.  
  • They do not add as much additional support to a carry as passes that are spread out.  

Once you know all of the building blocks of wrap carries, it is very easy to learn new carries.  Visit our carry cheat sheet to learn how all of the wrap passes are combined to create common wrap carries.  

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